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Inhabitants in 1991 : 4,344

The Municipal territory of Capolona extends for 47,37 square kilometres in the Valdarno of Arezzo on the borders of Pratomagno. Constructed around a X century Abbey, it reached its present form in 1845, when, the hamlets of Lorenzano, previously part of the municipality of Castel Focognano, and Baciano part of Subbiano, were combined there, together with several territories which had been assigned to the municipality of Talla.

The earliest mention of Campus Leonis and Caput leonis - later corrupted to Capolona - comes from 943, in a deed of confirmation of a property of a certain Bernardo, Noble of Arezzo, on behalf of the Emperors Ugo and Lotario. The original nucleus around which rose Capolona was probably the Abbey of San Gennaro in Campo Leonis, founded in 972 by the Marquis Ugo di Toscana and his wife Giuditta and put under the protection of Emperors Ottone III, Carrado II and Arrigo III who endowed it with goods and the jurisdiction over several of the castles and courts in the diocese of Arezzo. In 1241 the Arezzo military besieged Capolona and destroyed it, forcing the Abbott to surrender all the castles and lands subjected to him, to the municipality. Passed under the dominion of the Tarlati di Pietramala, in 1384, after the capitulation of the Arezzo territories to Firenze, it became part of the Fiorentino Republic. In 1527 it was devastated by the army of Carlo di Borbone, General of the Emperor Carlo V.

Historical info reproduced upon authorization of Regione Toscana - Dipartimento della Presidenza E Affari Legislativi e Giuridici
Translated by Ann Mountford

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