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Inhabitants in 1991: 1.614

The municipal territory of Chianni is situated in Val d’Era and extends for 62,09 square kilometres on the slopes of the spur which divides the valley of the river Era from that of the river Fine. It is a municipality with Leopoldina origins.

Castle on the borders between Pisa and Volterra, important for its position dominating the Vallata dell’Era, Chianni was contested between the Volterrano Episcopate, which drew its rights of possession from a certificate emanating from Enrico VI in 1186 as “King of the Romans”, and the Tirreno republic to whom it had been conceded in a certificate by the same Enrico, who had become Emperor and by other successors. In 1288 with the Fiorentino arbitration, the controversy seemed to have been resolved in favour of the Bishop, who received the vow of the population. But it was occupied in the same year by the Pisane troops by order of Guido da Montefeltro, Chianni remained under the dominion of Pisa, not withstanding repeated attempts of the Volterrani and Fiorentini and not withstanding a rebellion bloodily suppressed in 1345, until the second half of the XIV century when two successive certificates of Carlo IV restored it to the Bishop of Volterra. In 1406, at the fall of Pisa the community subjected itself to the Fiorentina republic, which in 1515 agreed to special statutes renewed in 1576 by Cosimo I. In 1629 Ferdinando II conceded it in feudal, with the title of Marquisate to the Fiorentina family dei Riccardi, who maintained the Lordship until 1776.

Historical info reproduced upon authorization of Regione Toscana - Dipartimento della Presidenza E Affari Legislativi e Giuridici
Translated by Ann Mountford

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