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Foiano della Chiana

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Inhabitants in 1991 : 7,738

The Municipal territory of Foiano della Chiana, extends for 40,81square kilometres on the low hills of the eastern flank of the Canale Maestro della Chiana. Fortified court, the Podesta office, became Seat of the community in 1774.
Centre of Estruscan origin tied to Chiusi, still flourishing in the Imperial era, situated on a spur of the Cassia Adrianea, Foiana is remembered from the XI century as the feudal possession of the Counts of Scialenga and Berardenga, descendants of Wuinigi Count of Siena. It became, with the name of Cortevecchia, one of the most important castles of the district of Arezzo who possessed it towards 1250, in 1336 it became part of the Fiorentina republic together with Arezzo and its district ; it was temporarily surrendered the community of Perugia, after the exile of the Duke d’Atene (1343) Foiano returned under the jurisdiction of Arezzo, subjecting itself by a formal voluntarily deed to Firenze in 1383. It became Seat of Office of a Podesta, in 1452 it sustained an assault for over one month by the troops of Alfonso I of Aragona in war with Firenze, and again in 1554 during the war of Siena, that of the Franco Siena miltia captained by Piero Strozzi. During the Fascist period Foiano was protagonist of actions against the regime which provoked punishing deliveries and reprisals by members of the Fascist squad.

Places to Visit :
S.s. Domenico and Michele Arcangelo, XV century church, its interior holds a painting by Lorenzo Lippi and a terracotta by Della Robbia. It was restored in 1600.
S. Maria della Fratèrnita, 1500 building, subsequently enlarged, has a finely worked ceiling of the second half of 1600s, and contains valuable works of art
S.Francesco, XV century church with the nave adorned by works of art, it is situated outside the township on the road for Lucignano.

Historical info reproduced upon authorization of Regione Toscana - Dipartimento della Presidenza E Affari Legislativi e Giuridici
Translated by Ann Mountford

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