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Visita il Mugello, culla dei Medici, a due passi da Firenze e le bellezze toscane

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Inhabitants in 1991: 2.405

The municipal territory of Marliana extends for 42,99 square kilometres in hills and medium mountains in the high Valdinievole. Fortified castle and Captain’s Seat, at the end of the 1500s it became part of the Podesta office of Larciano and Serravale, and was finally capital of the community with the Leopoldina reforms.

Surrounded by feudal possessions of the Guidi Counts (Momigno and Casore del Monte), the Counts of Capraia (Serra) and the Lords of Maona, the castle of Marliana was recorded for the first time in a document from 1128, with which the San Mato Monastery (dependent to the Sant’Antimo Abbey near Montalcino) ceded to the Bishop of Lucca all the assets it had there (1177). Destroyed by the Montecatinesi and by the Lords of Maona during the war between Pistoia and Lucca (1177) it was reconstructed at the beginning of the XIII century; in 1314 in the struggles between the Pistoiesi families of Panciatichi and Cancellieri, it was conquered by the Panciatichi allied to Lucca and thence aggregated to the dominion of Castruccio Castracani, until at the death of this Lord from Lucca it was manned by Castlllians named by Firenze. Together with Pistoia, to whom Firenze had returned the custody of the fort in 1353 to unburden itself of the expense necessary for its upkeep, it was then annexed in 1401 to the Fiorentino State.

Historical info reproduced upon authorization of Regione Toscana - Dipartimento della Presidenza E Affari Legislativi e Giuridici
Translated by Ann Mountford

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