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Towns of the area

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Inhabitants in 1991: 1.458

The municipal territory di Roccalbegna extends for 124,96 square kilometres in the high Valley of the river Albegna, in an area of medium mountains positioned on the southern slopes of Monte Labbro. Medieval Castle and feudal in modern times, comprises in its confines, other than the capital, the districts of Cana Vallerona, Santa Caterina and Triana. In 1863 the district of Semproniano was detached from its territory to form, from that date, an autonomous municipality.

The Castle of Raccalbegna is cited in 1210 in a privilege of Emperor Ottone IV in favour of the Abbey of Monte Amiata. Subjected to the high dominion of the Aldobrandeschi, towards the end of the 1200s it was assigned to the Santa Fiora branch of the Counts. Anyway already from the first decade of the XIII century a local family had the Lordly rights on the castle, the Ranieri di Ugolino di Roccalbegna, whose descendents between 1293 and 1296 were forced to cede their rights to the Siena municipality. During the Siena dominion Roccalbegna suffered assaults and attacks by the Aldobrandeschi as in 1331 when the gangs of the Count Andrea di Santa Fiora sacked the town. It declined from XIV century, and after the fall of the Siena republic it was assigned in feudal by Cosimo I dei Medici to Cardinal Antonio Sforza and to the descendents of the family Sforza-Cesarini of Santa Fiora. Returned in 1624 to the Grand Duke, Roccalbegna was again feudal, in 1646 to the Bichi-Ruspoli family, which whom it remained until 1751. Among the districts one must mention Castello di Triana, originally in the Aldobrandeschi dominion, ceded in 1388 to Piccolomini. During the resistance partisan formations operated in the municipal territory and a slaughter by the retreating Germans provoked six victims in May 1944.

Places to visit:
Ss. Pietro e Paolo, Romanic church from the 1200s; it was reworked several times in the subsequent centuries. Houses three paintings on wood from the 1300s.

Historical info reproduced upon authorization of Regione Toscana - Dipartimento della Presidenza E Affari Legislativi e Giuridici
Translated by Ann Mountford

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