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Towns of the area

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Castellina Marittima

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Inhabitants in 1991: 1.816

The municipal territory of Castellina Marittima extends fro 45,72 square kilometres on the hills of the high valley of the river Fine, which overlooks the coastal plain of Cecina. Its present day extension has origins in the territory of the Medieval community and the Grand Duchy feudal.

The discovery of archaeological finds makes it seem that the site where Castellina rose had been inhabited in the Etruscan era. Fortified village, it was noted in a chronicle before the year 1163, when two Consuls from the Pisa municipal nominated their representatives there (as happened in other castles in the coastal Maremma). In 1267 it was sold to the city of Pisa by Ildebrandino di Sovana and, in the nine successive years, saw the progressive penetration of the Gherardesca family, an exponent of whom, the Count Ugo di Giovanni, rebelling in 1348 against the dominion of the Tirrenica city, gave Castellina a short lived independence. In 1406 the community was subjugated to Firenze together with all the Pisano territory. During the Mediceo Grand Duchy, in 1628, Castellina was transformed into feudal and conceded as Marquisate to a branch of the same Medici.

Historical info reproduced upon authorization of Regione Toscana - Dipartimento della Presidenza E Affari Legislativi e Giuridici
Translated by Ann Mountford

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